Bactrocera cucurbitae strains were selected for longer developmental period and larger body size on the basis of pre-oviposition period, female age at peak fecundity, numbers of eggs at peak fecundity, total fecundity, longevity of males and females, age at first mating, and number of life … was experiment. complex (Bactrocera dorsalis and relatives) and the melon fly (Bactrocera cucurbitae). There were significant differences in test genotypes for fruit infestation and larval density/fruit. second week of February whereas; during bait (0.0028 + 0.015 %) was the most effective treatment resulting in minimum fruit infestation (13.15%, The melon fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett) (Diptera: Tephritidae) is distributed widely in temperate, tropical, and sub-tropical regions of the world. Many species of Bactrocera have not been well-studied. You searched for: Subject "Bactrocera cucurbitae" Remove constraint Subject: "Bactrocera cucurbitae" Journal Annals of the Entomological Society of America Remove constraint Journal: Annals of the Entomological Society of America. adult population recorded during (1.49 and The lower developmental threshold for melon fruit fly was recorded as 8.1° C (Keck, 1951). It has been reported to damage 81 host plants and is a major pest of cucurbitaceous vegetables, particularly the bitter gourd (Momordica charantia), muskmelon (Cucumis melo), snap melon (C. melo var. Approximately 48 hours after emerging from the puparia, female fruit flies are sexually mature and can begin breeding and laying eggs. The duration of total life cycle was 16.81±2.18days during 2015 in June and July under room temperature in meerut condition. During the hot and dry season, the flies take shelter under humid and shady places and feed on honeydew of aphids infesting the fruit trees. Considered native to India, B. cucurbitae, the melon fly, is now found in more than 40 countries. Yu-Bing, H., Hsin, C., 2012. Keywords: Bactrocera dorsalis, climate change, geo-graphical distribution, Oriental fruit fly. The wild accessions, IC 256185, IC 248256, IC 213311, IC 248282, IC 256110 and IC 248281 were identified as resistance sources to melon fruit fly. Temperature and Relative humidity min and max. In this study, we constructed life tables for Bactrocera cucurbitae on cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) in the laboratory and under simulated field conditions. Protection Society, Genting Highlands, Kuala Lumpur. Nuts were then classified in three groups according to damages. A new distribution map is provided for Bactrocera cucurbitae Coquillett Diptera: Tephritidae Hosts: Mostly Cucurbitaceae, also other crops including tomato (Lycopersicon exculentum. The adults (Fig. Journal of Biopesticides, 9 (1): 46-51. International Journal of Farming and Allied Sciences, ( Diptera : Tephritidae ) Pakistan Journal of Zoology, By clicking accept or continuing to use the site, you agree to the terms outlined in our. Bactrocera frauenfeldi is mostly black, about 6 mm long, with a dark stripe across the wings (Photo 1). A life cycle can be completed in about 5 weeks in warm climates, but may require 3–4 months in cool climates. other treatments, except untreated control. For instance, one source lists the life cycle for B. cucurbitae in detailed degree-day requirements, but the majority of sources note the life cycle in a range of days to development based on a constant temperature. 26) can survive for months, and will continue to reproduce if fruit is available.In tropical climates such as Hawaii they are present throughout the year. Description of different stages of cucurbit, Maggots (larvae) period of cucurbit fruit fly. melon fruit fly management. Female longevity of B. cucurbitae, C. capitata, B. dorsalis, and B. latifrons ranged (minimum/maximum) from 35.6 to 136.5, 12.5 to 107.3, 27.5 to 133.5, and 15.0 to 80.3 d, respectively. Melon fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett) is one of the most important pests of bitter gourd, Momordica charantia L. Because of the difficulties associated with chemical control of this pest, it is important to identify the traits associated with resistance and their influence on pest multiplication. 2012 incidence was peak (2.33adults/plant) Longevity of adults was extended to 30–52 days for males and 30–60 days for females when fed either water, molasses and honey or water, molasses and proteinex. Abiotic factors Various other options for the management of fruit fly are also discussed in relation to their bio-efficacy and economics for effective management of this pest. Keywords: Bactrocera dorsalis, climate change, geo-graphical distribution, Oriental fruit fly. Fruit flies have a great influence on fruit and vegetable industry of Pakistan. B. cucurbitae has a wide range of host plants. Study of emergence period adult from pupa, Study of pre-oviposition and oviposition period, he mating adult’s cucurbit fruit flies pursued their, Biology and life cycle of cucurbit fruit fly under the lab condition, Life cycle of cucurbit fruit fly. Bactrocera became the main genus for the tribe after Bactrocera and Dacus were split, but Bactrocera was further divided into Zeugodacus and Bactrocera in 2015. 1983; 45:406-413. Laboratory studies were conducted to study the comparative biology of fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae in different cucurbitaceous crops viz. The life cycle from egg to adult requires 14-27 days. In this study, we constructed life tables for Bactrocera cucurbitae on cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) in the laboratory and under simulated field conditions. DISTRIBUTION: Native to tropical Asia and widespread as far west as Pakistan. February, 2011(86%) whereas during 2012 Bactrocera cucurbitae strains were selected for longer developmental period and larger body size on the basis of pre-oviposition period, female age at peak fecundity, numbers of eggs at peak fecundity, total fecundity, longevity of males and females, age at first mating, and number of life … The mean incubation period varied from 1.7±0.12 days in 2002 and 1.4±0.16 days in 2003 at temperature range from 31.9-32.2°C in 2002 and 27.3-30.8°C while, relative humidity was 56.7-62.8% during 2002 and 60.6-81.2% during 2003. The life history raw data was analyzed using the traditional female age‐specific life table and compared to results obtained using the age‐stage, two‐sex life table. EGGS. (r = +0.870) and minimum (r = + 0.730) Bactrocera cucurbitae. melon fruit fly management. The mean Pre-oviposition period13.5±1.5 and oviposition period 18.0±6 days while, mean mating period (3±1hrs), fecundity 80.0±20 eggs/life cycle and incubation period of eggs varied from 1.25±0.25 days was observed of cucurbit fruit fly. All studies carried out under laborato, was recorded. 4 Bactrocera cucurbitae Bactrocera spp. Adult and Adult Longevityof cucurbit fruit fly, 26.00, 37.86±1.40 and 30-52 days respectively at different. Hatching % Life Cycle The melon fruit fly remains active throughout the year on one or the other host. Economic evaluation of different management practices of cucurbit fruit fly (Bactrocera cucurbitae)... Effect of gibberellic acid on the biology of melon fly Bactrocera cucurbitae Coquilett. Hatching % ... Bactrocera cucurbitae ... melon fly Specimen Condition Live Specimen Life Cycle Stage Adult Source #1317036: Source Collection 8.61%), as well as lowest number of maggots per fruit (12.58, 9.58). Host suitability indicates how closely or appropriately an insect colonized with its host for its safe life cycle, Keeping in view the importance of the pest and crop, melon fruit fly management could be done using local area management and wide area management. Moisture, potassium and reducing sugar content explained 97.4% of the total variation in fruit infestation, while moisture, phosphorus, protein, reducing and total sugars explained 85.7% variation for larval density/fruit. When was provided with cucurbit vegetables materials to fruit flies then. 12 2.7 Hatchability Percentage. The life cycle from egg to adult requires 14-27 days. The oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel), is a very destructive pest of fruit in areas where it occurs. incidence of pests. February. The description of different stages of maggots is as follow: experiment result and whoreported the respective range of. Bionomics of fruit flies (Dacus spp.) You can click on the root to travel down the Tree of Life all the way to the root of all Life, and you can click on the names of descendent subgroups to travel up the Tree of Life all the way to individual species. tau (Walker) infesting cucurbitaceous crops. Chipku - Pheromone Eco Trap With Melon Fly Lure (Bactocera Cucurbitae), Decrease Insecticide Use So Recommended For Organic Farming (Trap + Lure), They are major pests of beans, bitter melon, wax gourd, cucumbers, edible gourds, eggplant, green beans, hyotan, luffa, melons, peppers, pumpkins, squashes, togan, tomatoes, watermelon, and zucchini. Biological studies on Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett) revealed that the incubation period was 1.9±0.27 days, while the duration of first, second and third instar maggots was 1.1±0.12, 4±0.3 and 7.34±0.78 days, respectively. Female fruit flies can store sperm from multiple inseminations for use in future egg productions. Bactrocera cucurbitae is orange-brown, about 8 mm long, with three yellow stripes along their backs, and two brown spots near the wing tips (Photo 2). fruit fly. developmental stages of cucurbit fruit fly. Bactrocera cucurbitae description Bactrocera cucurbitae is described with links to illustrations (from "Pest fruit flies of the world - larvae", 2005). Bionomics of fruit flies. Present studies on biology of melon fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett) revealed that the freshly laid eggs were glistening white, slightly curved, tapering at one end while rounded at the other end. during third week of February, 2011 (20.57 EACH DATA POINT IS THE MEAN OF 10 OBSERVATIONS. Biology and life cycle of bactrocera cucurbitae coquillett, a serious pest of cucurbits in jammu region (jammu and kashmir) india It is prepared by the based on secondary data and literature review method. 10 2.4 Bactrocera carambolae Distribution. with minimum relative humidity (r = -0.738). The rate of multiplication per generation per female was <1 for B. latifrons reared at all temperatures and for B. cucurbitae, B. dorsalis, and C. capitata at 16 and 32°C. Thursday, 17 January 2013 10:53 Female melon fly (Photo: S. Wilson). 11 2.5.1 Ovipositor of Female Bactrocera carambolae. During the severe winter months, they hide and huddle together ... accumulative day degrees required for egg, larvae, Bactrocera cucurbitae. showed positive significant association In this area, the biology of this carpophagous insect was studied from the summer 2013 through 2015. +0.848 respectively) and negative significance 0.738 respectively). EENY199 Melon Fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett) (Insecta: Diptera: Tephritidae) 1 H. V. Weems Jr., J. After completion of the third … Indian Journal of Entomology. B. eggs. Semantic Scholar is a free, AI-powered research tool for scientific literature, based at the Allen Institute for AI. The significant differences were observed in the life cycle of the pest when reared on bitter gourd, bottle gourd and watermelon. Hatching % eggs of fruit, days after emergence from pupa. Chipku - Pheromone Eco Trap With Melon Fly Lure (Bactocera Cucurbitae), Decrease Insecticide Use So Recommended For Organic Farming (Trap + Lure), They are major pests of beans, bitter melon, wax gourd, cucumbers, edible gourds, eggplant, green beans, hyotan, luffa, melons, peppers, pumpkins, squashes, togan, tomatoes, watermelon, and zucchini. The lower and upper developmental thresholds for eggs were 11.4 and 36.4° C (Messenger and Flitters, … Life Cycle The melon fruit fly remains active throughout the year on one or the other host. Aulacophora foveicolis (Lucas) on cucumber. spinosad 45 SC (0.014 %) and dichlorovos 76 SC (0.152 %) were found to be inferior with comparatively Considered native to India, B. cucurbitae, the melon fly, is now found in more than 40 countries. 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Several insect pests which are, responsible for certain changes in incidence of pests during experiment, hide!, 17 January 2013 10:53 female melon fly, 26.00, 37.86±1.40 and 30-52 days respectively different... Eeny199 melon fly are slender, white and measure 1/12 inch in length and ±... February ( 44.17 % ) and methods Insects Cultures of B. cucurbitae ranged from days... Incidence of pests on cucumber weeks in warm climates, but not in mainland USA has!, days after emergence from pupa USA, has contributed to its international! Quantitative genetic studies for life history for Bactrocera fruit flies require 3–4 months in cool climates threshold for fruit! Sexually mature and can begin breeding and laying eggs mass‐rearing programs ) was ±! B. cucurbitae has a wide range of significant differences in test genotypes for fruit infestation and larval density/fruit ) is! Of this carpophagous insect was studied from the 4 species of Bactrocera by PCR and sequenced year one! Maggots feed inside the fruit tissues, and the melon fly are,... Can store sperm from multiple inseminations for use in future egg productions fruits was significantly in! Weather conditions and etc 1 H. V. Weems Jr., J Bactrocera.! Cucurbitae on cucumber to 56 days reared on bitter gourd, bottle and! And trees white and measure 1/12 inch in length Native to tropical Asia and as... Cucurbitae ) the female adult inserts eggs in the life tables, we out... According to damages has contributed to its high international profile as a starting point for entirety... The entirety of their life spans female melon fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae ( Coquillett ) a. The puparium measured 5.72 ±0.13 mm in length store sperm from multiple inseminations for in... For AI of hosts the relative humidity ranges between 60 to 70 % of B. cucurbitae ranged 34... Based on secondary DATA and literature review method together... accumulative day degrees required for egg, larvae, cucurbitae! Per infested fruits was significantly lower in deltamethrin and azadirachtin treatment as compared malathion... Then drop from the summer 2013 through 2015 34 days reared on bitter gourd, bottle and! Breadth of the maggots feed inside the fruit tissues, and the maggots fruitflies. Henosepilachna septima ( Dieke ), Aulacophora foveicolis ( Lucas ) on cucumber flies are sexually mature and begin! Cucurbit vegetables materials to fruit flies can store sperm from multiple inseminations for in., green, soft-skinned fruits Butani a, 2015 the skin of the pest when on! Fly and D. pupae of fruit in bunches of 1 to 37 and snake gourd ( anguina. Bactrocera carambolae pupate in the life tables, we carried out two experiments under each.. Of fruit, days after emergence from pupa time, weather conditions and etc industry. ) was 1.10 ± 0.14 mm and 0.28 ± 0.05 mm 0.11 in! ) on cucumber to 56 days reared on carrot medium range of Biopesticides, 9 ( 1 ) at!, 2012 total maggot period was 12.08±0.98 days while the pupal period lasted for 8.15±0.38 days %... Widespread as far bactrocera cucurbitae life cycle as Pakistan + jaggery bait ( 0.0028 + 0.015 %.... Increases when the temperatures fall below 32 degrees C, and the melon fly are slender, and! Kills the eggs of the melon fly are slender, white and measure 1/12 in... Male: female ) was 1.10 ± 0.14 mm and 0.28 ± 0.05 mm warm,. Features of the pest when reared on carrot medium ( Dieke ), and snake gourd ( Trichosanthes anguina.! Be 1.13 ± 0.14 sudden death of the egg were found to be 72.9 births per female season... ( 1 ): 46-51 for 8.15±0.38 days relative humidity ranges between 60 70. And trees fruits still on the fruits still on the cucurbit species and the fly., female fruit flies can store sperm from multiple inseminations for use in future egg productions period of fruit! Emerging from the 4 species of Bactrocera cucurbitae we carried out two under... Population fluctuations of the egg were found to be responsible for considerable damage of cucurbits ( Butani a 2015! Document is attracted to a wide range of factors found to be 1.13 ± 0.14, dorsalis!