Mumbai (formerly known as Bombay) is a megacity, one whose population is more than 10 million. [156] The Sanjay Gandhi National Park (Borivali National Park) is located partly in the Mumbai suburban district, and partly in the Thane district, and it extends over an area of 103.09 km2 (39.80 sq mi). From 1665 to 1666, the English managed to acquire Mahim, Sion, Dharavi, and Wadala. Occasionally, north-east monsoon showers occur in October and November. The metropolis is also the hub of many international media corporations, with many news channels and print publications having a major presence. [343], Mumbai has a zoo named Jijamata Udyaan (formerly Victoria Gardens), which also harbours a garden. [276], The proposed Navi Mumbai International airport to be built in the Kopra-Panvel area has been sanctioned by the Indian Government and will help relieve the increasing traffic burden on the existing airport. [152] The MCGM is in charge of the civic and infrastructure needs of the metropolis. Mcdowell's Derby is also held in February at the Turf Club in Mumbai. [282] Ferries from Ferry Wharf in Mazagaon allow access to islands near the city. In 1999, several members left the Congress to form the Nationalist Congress Party (NCP) but later allied with the Congress as part of an alliance known as the Democratic Front. And population has been its nemesis. Zing a popular Bollywood gossip channel is also based out of Mumbai. Mumbai also has a special Terrorist and Disruptive Activities (TADA) court for people accused of conspiring and abetting acts of terrorism in the city. [59][60], A resident of Mumbai is called Mumbaikar in Marathi, in which the suffix kar means a resident of. [citation needed] Jews settled in Bombay during the 18th century. [192] This is facilitated by the presence of the Reserve Bank of India (RBI), the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE), the National Stock Exchange of India (NSE), and financial sector regulators such as the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI). [371] The city also hosts the Marathi film industry which has seen increased popularity in recent years, and TV production companies. A colloquial form of Hindi, known as Bambaiya – a blend of Hindi, Marathi, Gujarati, Konkani, Urdu, Indian English and some invented words – is spoken on the streets. In the newer suburbs, modern buildings dominate the landscape. [362], Numerous Indian and international television channels can be watched in Mumbai through one of the Pay TV companies or the local cable television provider. [330] Parsis migrated to India from Greater Iran following the Muslim conquest of Persia in the seventh century. The census, which is done once in a decade by the Government of India, is due in 2021. Mumbai is India’s richest city and home to a human population of around 20 million, but it also contains one of the largest protected urban forests in the world. [97] However, Salsette, Bassein, Mazagaon, Parel, Worli, Sion, Dharavi, and Wadala still remained under Portuguese possession. [347][348] The Elephanta Festival—celebrated every February on the Elephanta Islands—is dedicated to classical Indian dance and music and attracts performers from across the country. Social distancing is virtually impossible in the Mumbai slums, which packs a population similar to San Francisco into an area the size of Central Park. “Presently, 3850 million litres per day (mld) water is supplied to Mumbai. Chart and table of population level and … ", "Air quality in Mumbai three times worse than Delhi.". In 1960, following the Samyukta Maharashtra Movement, a new state of Maharashtra was created with Bombay as the capital.[28]. It is also one of the world's top ten centres of commerce in terms of global financial flow,[30] generating 6.16% of India's GDP,[31] and accounting for 25% of industrial output, 70% of maritime trade in India (Mumbai Port Trust and JNPT),[32] and 70% of capital transactions to India's economy. Maharashtra population in 2021 is estimated to be 124.7 Million (12.47 Crores), According to Unique Identification Aadhar India, updated 31,May 2020, by mid of year 2020 the projected population is 123,144,223, Its second populous state in India after Uttar Pradesh, 9% of the India's population live in Maharashtra. [220] Other parties such as Maharashtra Navnirman Sena (MNS), Samajwadi Party (SP), Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP), and several independent candidates also contest elections in the city. Osaka (Population: 19,222,665) It is perhaps unsurprising that the majority of the most populous cities in the world are in the two most densely populated countries in the world, China and India. [412], Every February, Mumbai holds derby races at the Mahalaxmi Racecourse. Navi Mumbai is a metropolitan city in the State of Maharashtra in India. Therefore, on average, the population every year increases by 0.5 Million. Population Size and City Size. [290][291], About 700 million litres of water, out of a daily supply of 3500 million litres, is lost by way of water thefts, illegal connections and leakages, per day in Mumbai. [379], The University of Mumbai is one of the premier[380] universities in India. [375], Under the 10+2+3/4 plan, students complete ten years of schooling and then enrol for two years in junior college, where they select one of three streams: arts, commerce, or science. Rapid population growth in Mumbai is evident in this image from the International Space Station that shows several regions of the city with active land reclamation activities on its coasts, bays and hinterlands. The Mumbai Police is headed by a police commissioner, who is an Indian Police Service (IPS) officer. [308] In the south of Mumbai, there are colonial-era buildings and Soviet-style offices. [115] Following his defeat, almost the whole of the Deccan Plateau came under British suzerainty, and was incorporated into the Bombay Presidency. [232], Public transport systems in Mumbai include the Mumbai Suburban Railway, Monorail, Metro, Brihanmumbai Electric Supply and Transport (BEST) buses, black-and-yellow meter taxis, auto rickshaws and ferries. Between 1950, 2007 and 2020 (projected), Mumbai has grown from 2.8 million to 18.9 million and will touch 23.9 million. Therefore, the population of the city increases per year by 0.05784 Million. The Mumbai-Pune Expressway was the first expressway built in India. The number of households with annual incomes of 2 million rupees will increase from 4% to 10% by 2020, amounting to 660,000 families. [152] Many parts of the city lie just above sea level, with elevations ranging from 10 m (33 ft) to 15 m (49 ft);[153] the city has an average elevation of 14 m (46 ft). On the West coast are former-textile mills being demolished and skyscrapers built on top. It is the country’s financial and commercial centre and its principal port on the Arabian Sea. [90] Growing apprehensive of the power of the Mughal emperor Humayun, Sultan Bahadur Shah of Gujarat was obliged to sign the Treaty of Bassein with the Portuguese Empire on 23 December 1534. Population of Mumbai in India 1975-2015 Published by Statista Research Department, Oct 16, 2020 In 2015, the population of Mumbai amounted to about 21.7 … The Bandra-Worli Sea Link bridge, along with Mahim Causeway, links the island city to the western suburbs. [98], In accordance with the Royal Charter of 27 March 1668, England leased these islands to the English East India Company in 1668 for a sum of £10 per annum. [71] The Mahakali Caves in Andheri were cut out between the 1st century BCE and the 6th century CE. [194], State and central government employees make up a large percentage of the city's workforce. You can see the full data in the Religion section below. The Indian government is currently working to boost the population of the Parsi community, as they have the highest literacy rates and sex ratio in India, but their numbers are rapidly declining. Mumbai is the centre of the Mumbai Metropolitan Region The area of Bombay State increased, after several erstwhile princely states that joined the Indian union were integrated into the state. 41.3 % of Mumbai’s population lives in slums (World Population Review, 2016). Mumbai Population 2020. In 2015, the population of Mumbai amounted to about 21.7 million inhabitants, showing an increase of approximately four million inhabitants compared to the year 2000. The higher the growth, the more dynamic society feels. eastern to Madh Marve on the western front. [388] In April 2015, IIT Bombay launched the first U.S.-India joint EMBA program alongside Washington University in St. Due to a shortage of grounds, various modified versions (generally referred to as gully cricket) are played everywhere. [116], By 1845, the seven islands coalesced into a single landmass by the Hornby Vellard project via large scale land reclamation. Mumbai is still home to the largest Parsis population in the world. It is also home to some of India's premier scientific and nuclear institutes. [22][39] The Koli people originated in Kathiawar and Central Gujarat, and according to some sources they brought their goddess Mumba with them from Kathiawar (Gujarat), where she is still worshipped. [122] While the city was the capital of the Bombay Presidency, the Indian independence movement fostered the Quit India Movement in 1942 and the Royal Indian Navy mutiny in 1946. Megacities like Tokyo, New York, São Paulo, and Mumbai are also known as conurbations —large contiguous areas of urban landscapes formed from the growth and merging of previously separate and distinct urban centers. [146] From being an ancient fishing community and a colonial centre of trade, Mumbai has become South Asia's largest city and home of the world's most prolific film industry. In 1950, its population was around 1,369,469; in 2016, its population was estimated at 18.6 million. The period from June to about the end of September constitutes the south west monsoon season, and October and November form the post-monsoon season. On 1 October 1990, the Greater Bombay district was bifurcated to form two revenue districts namely, Bombay City and Bombay Suburban, though they continued to be administered by same Municipal Administration. The metro area population of Mumbai in 2020 was 20,411,000, a 1.12% increase from 2019. 41.3 % of Mumbai’s population lives in slums (World Population Review, 2016). Mumbai, also called Bombay, is the capital city of the state of Maharashtra in India, and it's the most populous city in India. [149] Of this, the island city spans 67.79 km2 (26 sq mi), while the suburban district spans 370 km2 (143 sq mi), together accounting for 437.71 km2 (169 sq mi) under the administration of Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai (MCGM). Mumbai suffers from the same major urbanisation problems seen in many fast growing cities in developing countries: widespread poverty and unemployment, poor public health and poor civic and educational standards for a large section of the population. Mumbai is the capital city of the Indian state of Maharashtra. [356], Mumbai has numerous newspaper publications, television and radio stations. Among these are Shanghai and Beijing, with populations of 25 and 22 million respectively, Delhi (27 million), and Mumbai (over 21.5 million). Some 15.4 million live in Greater Mumbai (Mumbai and its suburbs). The commissioner is appointed for a fixed term as defined by state statute. [303] Many of the above service providers also provide broadband internet and wireless internet access in Mumbai. [154] Northern Mumbai (Salsette) is hilly,[155] and the highest point in the city is 450 m (1,476 ft) at Salsette in the Powai–Kanheri ranges. [224][225] A member of the legislative assembly (MLA) to the Maharashtra Vidhan Sabha (legislative assembly) is elected from each of the assembly constituencies. [344], Mumbai residents celebrate both Western and Indian festivals. Nearly 55% of Mumbai's population lives in Slum areas. [5] [168], Flooding during monsoon is a major problem for Mumbai. The metro area population of Mumbai in 2019 was 20,185,000, a 1.03% increase from 2018. The total population of Navi Mumbai, according to the provisional reports of census India in 2011, is 1,120,547. The higher the growth, the more dynamic society feels. With almost 23 million residents, Mumbai, India, is the second largest city in the world (only Tokyo, Japan, is larger than Mumbai). Mumbai (English: /mʊmˈbaɪ/, Marathi: [ˈmumbəi]; also known as Bombay /bɒmˈbeɪ/, the official name until 1995) is the capital city of the Indian state of Maharashtra. [25] During the mid-18th century, Bombay was reshaped by the Hornby Vellard project,[26] which undertook reclamation of the area between the seven islands from the sea. Mumbai's urban population is estimated to be over 22 million, and the densely populated city is the largest in India in terms of population, trade activity and business. [210] The Mumbai Traffic Police is a semi-autonomous body under the Mumbai Police. [358] Popular Marathi language magazines are Saptahik Sakaal, Grihashobhika, Lokrajya, Lokprabha & Chitralekha. Rapid population growth in Mumbai is evident in this image from the International Space Station that shows several regions of the city with active land reclamation activities on its coasts, bays and hinterlands. [287][288][289] India's first underground water tunnel was completed in Mumbai to supply water to the Bhandup filtration plant. Nariman Point and Bandra Kurla Complex (BKC) are Mumbai's major financial centres. [80][81], King Bhimdev founded his kingdom in the region in the late 13th century and established his capital in Mahikawati (present day Mahim). [352] Most of the beaches are unfit for swimming, except Girgaum Chowpatty and Juhu Beach. [205] The mayor, who serves for a term of two and a half years, is chosen through an indirect election by the councillors from among themselves. Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation (MSRTC, also known as ST)[251] buses provide intercity transport connecting Mumbai with other towns and cities of Maharashtra and nearby states. During the early 20th century it became a strong base for the Indian independence movement. [164] The area is classified as a Seismic Zone III region,[165] which means an earthquake of up to magnitude 6.5 on the Richter magnitude scale may be expected. [241] The first line of the Mumbai Metro opened in early June 2014. [70] The city then was known as Heptanesia (Ancient Greek: A Cluster of Seven Islands) to the Greek geographer Ptolemy in 150 CE. [166], Mumbai has a tropical climate, specifically a tropical wet and dry climate (Aw) under the Köppen climate classification. Mumbai. Mumbai is a hub of Indian film making. Of course! The Mumbai Nashik Expressway, Mumbai-Vadodara Expressway,[265] are under construction. ", "51st REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER FOR LINGUISTIC MINORITIES IN INDIA", "Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Vastu Sangrahalaya", "Sahitya Akademi: awards and fellowships", "Bandra's spirit captured in cakes, tattoos", "MTDC will not pull out of Elephanta, Banganga fests", "The Times of India turns the Times of Colour", "IRS Q2, 2010: Negligible decline of daily readers in Greater Mumbai", "IRS Q2 2010: Publications in Maharashtra see some light", "Public life and voluntary social service organisations", "Bollywood Trawls London for Talent as Students Balk at Banking", "Bollywood filmmakers experimenting with new genre of films", "Mumbai's Film City may be home to world cinema", "Education board tells schools to get state recognition", "mumbai university: Latest News, Videos and mumbai university Photos | Times of India", "Are you cut out for Arts, Science or Commerce? [259] Mumbai's transport system has been categorised as one of the most congested in the world. Currently, the world’s population is growing at a rate of approximately 1.07% per year. Mumbai lies at the mouth of the Ulhas River on the western coast of India, in the coastal region known as the Konkan. Mumbai (Bombay) has a population of 15.7 million (2004) and, like Manhattan, is located on a rocky peninsula. [53] This came at the insistence of the Marathi nationalist Shiv Sena party, which had just won the Maharashtra state elections, and mirrored similar name changes across the country and particularly in Maharashtra. As per provisional reports of Census India, population of Mumbai in 2011 is 12,442,373; of which male … [312] Mumbai Metropolitan Region was home to 20,748,395 people by 2011. [123][124], After India's independence in 1947, the territory of the Bombay Presidency retained by India was restructured into Bombay State. [404] [135] Mumbai's defunct cotton mills have since become the focus of intense redevelopment. The Mumbai Leg of Pro Kabaddi is held at the NSCI, Worli. The Portuguese Franciscans and Jesuits built several churches in the city, prominent being the St. Michael's Church at Mahim (1534),[93] St. John the Baptist Church at Andheri (1579),[94] St. Andrew's Church at Bandra (1580),[95] and Gloria Church at Byculla (1632). Mumbai, home to over 20 million people, has a fertility rate. ", "Soon, computer-aided training for MSRTC drivers", "MSRTC to make long distance travel easier", "NNMT gains from BEST's plan to discontinue AC bus services", "TMT rakes in moolah on new AC bus routes", Metropolitan planning and management in the developing world 1993, "Traffic claims Mumbai darshan hot spots", "Bus Routes Under Bus Rapid Transit System", "7 Questions You Wanted to Ask About the Mumbai Metro", "NH wise Details of NH in respect of Stretches entrusted to NHAI", "India's first international-class expressway is just a month away", "NHAI starts work on Rs 6,672 cr expressway", "MSRDC – Project – Bandra Worli Sea Link", Maharashtra State Road Development Corporation, "28,000 more autos to run riot on MMR streets – Mumbai – DNA", "Mumbai's five gateways may become toll-free", "Only 10 public transport services for every 90 private vehicles in Mumbai", "28,000 more autos to run riot on MMR streets", "Statistics: Mumbai International Airport Limited", "Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport (CSIA)- Masterplan", "With maiden Air India flight, T2 opens to public", "Work on Navi Mumbai airport may start next year", "It will be years before Mumbai surmounts its water crisis", "RIGHT TO INFORMATION ACT-2005 INFORMATION BOOKLET", "Water contamination complaints double, Bhandup hit hard", "Make way for Mulund, Mumbai's newest hotspot", "Country's first water tunnel to come up in Mumbai", "Now, a toll-free helpline to check water leakage, theft", "To curb power theft, Maharashtra explores underground supply network across state", "Cooking gas cylinders to be sold at petrol pumps", "Piped gas becomes more attractive for the kitchen", "Reliance Offers BlackBerry in India, Vies With Bharti", "Internet surfers: Mumbai scores, Bangalore falls", "Mumbai's entrance -the 'Gateway' to be more tourist-friendly", "Is the world's weirdest property market strangling the city that hosts it? [342] The Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Vastu Sangrahalaya (formerly The Prince of Wales Museum) is a renowned museum in South Mumbai which houses rare ancient exhibits of Indian history. kilometre. Mumbai city is governed by Municipal Corporation which comes under Mumbai Metropolitan Region.The Mumbai city is located in Maharashtra state of India. According to the 2011 census, MMR’s population is 22.8 million, of which Mumbai’s population is 12.44 million, making it one of the most populous cities in India. [143][144], Mumbai is the commercial capital of India and has evolved into a global financial hub. Residents of Mumbai call themselves Mumbaikar,[61] Mumbaiite,[315] Bombayite or Bombaiite. [195] Dharavi, in central Mumbai, has an increasingly large recycling industry, processing recyclable waste from other parts of the city; the district has an estimated 15,000 single-room factories. [384] With 7 of the top ten Indian Universities being purely science and technology universities, it was India's 3rd best Multi Disciplinary University in the QS University ranking. School of Art is Mumbai's oldest art institution. The supply from Powai lake, also within the city limits, is used only for agricultural and industrial purposes. [337] Mumbai also has a large number of cinema halls that feature Bollywood, Marathi and Hollywood movies. In the suburbs, the daily mean maximum temperature range from 29 °C (84 °F) to 33 °C (91 °F), while the daily mean minimum temperature ranges from 16 °C (61 °F) to 26 °C (79 °F). The metropolitan area has experienced an explosion in growth over the past 20 years, a … [234] Taxis and rickshaws in Mumbai are required by law to run on compressed natural gas (CNG),[235] and are a convenient, economical, and easily available means of transport. According to the United Nations, as of 2018, Mumbai is the second-most populous city in the country after Delhi and the seventh-most populous city in the world with a population of roughly 20 million. The rapid population growth is attributed to migration from other regions in the country, with migrants seeking business and employment opportunities. [147], Mumbai is on a narrow peninsula on the southwest of Salsette Island, which lies between the Arabian Sea to the west, Thane Creek to the east and Vasai Creek to the north. [14] Mumbai is the centre of the Mumbai Metropolitan Region, the sixth most populous metropolitan area in the world with a population of over 23 million. [234], The Mumbai Suburban Railway, popularly referred to as Locals forms the backbone of the city's transport system. [24], The oldest known names for the city are Kakamuchee and Galajunkja; these are sometimes still used. [54] According to Slate magazine, "they argued that 'Bombay' was a corrupted English version of 'Mumbai' and an unwanted legacy of British colonial rule. The major beaches in Mumbai are Girgaum Chowpatty, Juhu Beach, Dadar Chowpatty, Gorai Beach, Marve Beach, Versova Beach, Madh Beach, Aksa Beach, and Manori Beach. The Mumbai Metropolitan Region is the largest urban agglomeration in the country. [75] Some of the oldest edifices in the city built during this period are the Jogeshwari Caves (between 520 and 525),[76] Elephanta Caves (between the sixth to seventh century),[77] Walkeshwar Temple (10th century),[78][79] and Banganga Tank (12th century). boost the population of the Parsi community. [51], By the late 20th century, the city was referred to as Mumbai or Mambai in Marathi, Konkani, Gujarati, Kannada and Sindhi, and as Bambai in Hindi. [273] It handled 36.6 million passengers and 694,300 tonnes of cargo during FY 2014–2015. [257] Bus Rapid Transit System (BRTS) lanes have been planned throughout Mumbai. [136][137], The Jawaharlal Nehru Port, which handles 55–60% of India's containerised cargo, was commissioned on 26 May 1989 across the creek at Nhava Sheva with a view to de-congest Bombay Harbour and to serve as a hub port for the city. [363], The wide range of cable channels available includes Zee Marathi, Zee Talkies, ETV Marathi, Star Pravah, Mi Marathi, DD Sahyadri (All Marathi channels), news channels such as ABP Majha, IBN-Lokmat, Zee 24 Taas, sports channels like ESPN, Star Sports, National entertainment channels like Colors, Sony, Zee TV and Star Plus, business news channels like CNBC Awaaz, Zee Business, ET Now and Bloomberg UTV. The textile industry in Bombay largely disappeared after the widespread 1982 Great Bombay Textile Strike, in which nearly 250,000 workers in more than 50 textile mills went on strike. [242], Mumbai is the headquarters of two zones of the Indian Railways: the Central Railway (CR) headquartered at Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus), and the Western Railway (WR) headquartered at Churchgate. > Est. The first cricket test match in India was played in Mumbai at the Bombay Gymkhana. [372] The schools are affiliated with either of the following boards: The primary education system of the MCGM is the largest urban primary education system in Asia. Pre-monsoon showers are received in May. 2017 – 1.576 Million; 2018 – 1.6392 Million; When you see the population of Navi Mumbai from 2014-18, it has been seen that the population has gone up by 0.2892 Million in the past 5 years. For other uses, see, Interactive map outlining Greater Mumbai (Mumbai City District and Mumbai Suburban District). [130] Maharashtra State with Bombay as its capital was formed with the merger of Marathi-speaking areas of Bombay State, eight districts from Central Provinces and Berar, five districts from Hyderabad State, and numerous princely states enclosed between them. Together with adjacent municipalities, the Mumbai urban agglomeration exceeds 20 million and is thus India's largest metropolis; it is also India's most important port. 4: Population predictions of the 101 largest cities in the 21st century. Delhi, in fact, likely passed Mumbai several years ago. [383] [159] The coastline of the city is indented with numerous creeks and bays, stretching from the Thane creek on the [92] They called the islands by various names, which finally took the written form Bombaim. [268] There are five tolled entry points to the city by road. Dharavi is a locality in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India, considered to be one of Asia's largest slums. This unique blend of cultures is due to the migration of people from all over India since the British period. It varies between a dry period extending from October to May and a wet period peaking in June. The metropolitan area has experienced an explosion in growth over the past 20 years, a common occurrence with metropolitan areas in India. [217] Shiv Sena switched from 'Marathi Cause' to larger 'Hindutva Cause' in 1985 and joined hands with Bhartiya Janata Party (BJP) in the same year. [406], In Hockey, Mumbai is home to the Mumbai Marines and Mumbai Magicians in the World Series Hockey and Hockey India League respectively. The city offers a cosmopolitan and diverse lifestyle with a variety of food, entertainment, and night life, available in a form and abundance comparable to that in other world capitals. [48] After the English gained possession of the city in the 17th century, the Portuguese name was anglicised as Bombay. 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