I took a seminary student along with me, and because we were both wearing suits, the family greeted us eagerly. 27 And inasmuch as it is appointed for men to die once and after this [comes] judgment (Hebrews 9:27). His crucifixion is certain from Christ's prophecy, John 21:18 John 21:19 DIONYSIUS OF CORINTH (in EUSEBIUS [Ecclesiastical History, 2.25]) asserted in an epistle to the Romans, that Paul and Peter planted both the Roman and Corinthian churches, and endured martyrdom in Italy at the same time. This gives us a very important clue to the meaning of the expression, “love covers a multitude of sins.” Love does not seek to “cover up” sin but to cover it. No longer is Peter hung up with dates and timing and signs. Peter tells us “each one has received a special gift” (verse 10; see also 1 Corinthians 12:4, 9, 29-31; Romans 12:6). We left, indicating we would return. There will be social and political upheaval and natural disasters. 45 Who then is the faithful and sensible slave whom his master put in charge of his household to give them their food at the proper time? “FOR THE EYES OF THE LORD ARE UPON THE RIGHTEOUS, AND HIS EARS ATTEND TO THEIR PRAYER, BUT THE FACE OF THE LORD IS AGAINST THOSE WHO DO EVIL” (1 Peter 3:12). 5 Conduct yourselves with wisdom toward outsiders, making the most of the opportunity. When they realized we had come to talk about spiritual things, the atmosphere chilled. . If spiritual gifts are to be employed in serving one another, they are ultimately to be employed to the glory of God. 1 Now He was telling them a parable to show that at all times they ought to pray and not to lose heart, 2 saying, “There was in a certain city a judge who did not fear God, and did not respect man. In the final analysis, this is the goal of every aspect of our life: 31 Whether, then, you eat or drink or whatever you do, do all to the glory of God (1 Corinthians 10:31). It is noteworthy that here Peter the Apostle ( 1 Peter 1:1) calls himself an elder along with (sun) the other “elders.” A witness (martu). Test drive it and tell us about your experience. And what [will be] the sign when these things are about to take place?” 8 And He said, “See to it that you be not misled; for many will come in My name, saying, ‘I am [He,’] and, ‘The time is at hand’; do not go after them. 21 And he drank of the wine and became drunk, and uncovered himself inside his tent. A Lasting Legacy: Choosing A Wife For Isaac (Gen. 24:1-67). Christian love is the love which never fails and into which every atom of man’s strength is directed.” Barclay, p. 252. 6 And you will be hearing of wars and rumors of wars; see that you are not frightened, for [those things] must take place, but [that] is not yet the end. The leading incidents in his apostolic life are well known: his walking on the troubled waters to meet Jesus, but sinking through doubting ( Matthew 14:30 the divine person and office of Jesus ( Matthew 16:16 ; Mark 8:29 ; John 11:27 notwithstanding the difficulties in the way of such belief, whence he was then also designated as the stone, or rock ( Matthew 16:18 but his rebuke of his Lord when announcing what was so unpalatable to carnal prejudices, Christ's coming passion and death ( Matthew 16:22 his passing from one extreme to the opposite, in reference to Christ's offer to wash his feet ( John 13:8 John 13:9 that he would never forsake his Lord, whatever others might do ( Matthew 26:33 curses ( Matthew 26:75 and prophecy of his faithfulness unto death, after he had received from him a profession of "love" as often repeated as his previous denial ( John 21:15-17 zealous, pious, and ardently attached to the Lord, but at the same time impulsive in feeling, rather than calmly and continuously steadfast. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. Men of Cappadocia, as well as of "Pontus" and "Asia," were among the hearers of Peter's effective sermon on the Pentecost whereon the Spirit decended on the Church; these probably brought home to their native land the first tidings of the Gospel. Among other things, love does not gossip about the sins of others. We cannot serve apart from the gracious gifts of God which enable and empower that service. On this he returned and joyfully went to martyrdom. (1 Peter 4:17). The death of the apostle of the uncircumcision, and the consequent need of someone to follow up his teachings, probably gave occasion to the testimony given by Peter to the same churches, collectively addressed, in behalf of the same truth. All during our Lord’s earthly ministry, he had heard the Savior speak about the events that lay ahead. Is not the source your pleasures that wage war in your members? Hospitality does not come naturally these days; it comes supernaturally. Resist the devil and he will flee from you. JOSEPHUS [Antiquities, 15.2.2; 3.1] states that there was a great multitude of Jews in the Chaldean Babylon; it is therefore likely that "the apostle of the circumcision" ( Galatians 2:7 Galatians 2:8 would at some time or other visit them. 3:2) and by James in 5:8 (of the second coming). Peter contrasts the fate of the believer with that of the unbeliever. 5 For many will come in My name, saying, ‘I am the Christ,’ and will mislead many. The author calls himself the apostle Peter, 1 Peter 1:1 and an "elder," 1 Peter 5:1 the warmth of Peter's character; and, as ERASMUS says, this Epistle is full of apostolic dignity and authority and is worthy of the leader among the apostles. Thus, when imprisoned and tried before the Sanhedrim for preaching Christ, he boldly avowed his determination to continue to do so. 7 For those who sleep do their sleeping at night, and those who get drunk get drunk at night. “ 7 He said to them, “It is not for you to know times or epochs which the Father has fixed by His own authority; 8 but you shall receive power when the Holy Spirit has come upon you; and you shall be My witnesses both in Jerusalem, and in all Judea and Samaria, and even to the remotest part of the earth” (Acts 1:6-8). Ancyra was subsequently its ecclesiastical metropolis. Peter’s words in his first epistle seem to indicate that God has already begun to bring the ages to their divinely appointed end. JEROME [On Illustrious Men, 1] states that "Peter, after having been bishop of Antioch, and after having preached to the believers of the circumcision in Pontus, &c. [plainly inferred from 1 Peter 1:1 in the second year of Claudius went to Rome to refute Simon Magus, and for twenty-five years there held the episcopal chair, down to the last year of Nero, that is, the fourteenth, by whom he was crucified with his head downwards, declaring himself unworthy to be crucified as his Lord, and was buried in the Vatican, near the triumphal way." This sets aside the tradition that Paul and Peter suffered martyrdom together at Rome. While it is Paul who speaks more often and more fully of the spiritual gifts (Romans 12:3-8; 1 Corinthians 12; Ephesians 4:7-16), in these two verses Peter also provides very important knowledge about spiritual gifts. The word “gift” is derived from the root word for grace (charis). In the context of 1 Peter (not to mention Matthew 24 and 25, along with Hebrews 10 and 13), it may well be serving one of the saints who is suffering for the sake of Christ. 20 Let him know that he who turns a sinner from the error of his way will save his soul from death, and will cover a multitude of sins (James 5:20). The Peschito Syriac Version contains it. He had not only experienced the hospitality of others toward him, he had undoubtedly shown hospitality toward others. One’s response to the gospel seals one’s eternal destiny. Hence, too, arise the phrases, "Peter and the Eleven," "Peter and the rest of the apostles"; and Paul, in going up to Jerusalem after his conversion, went to see Peter in particular. 8 Above all, keep fervent in your love for one another, because love covers a multitude of sins. Spiritual gifts can be neglected (1 Timothy 4:14; 2 Timothy 1:6), and they can also be prostituted (2 Peter 2:15-16). The one whose gift manifests itself in words needs to speak “as the oracles of God.” The one who serves “as by the strength which God supplies.”. But afterwards, we infer from 1 Peter 1:1 Spirit did impart the Gospel to that country, possibly by Peter's ministry, In government, these several churches, it appears from this Epistle ( 1 Peter 5:1 1 Peter 5:2 when Paul addressed the Ephesian "elders" at Miletus ( Acts 20:17 Acts 20:28 "feed") in very similar language; elders or presbyter-bishops ruled, while the apostles exercised the general superintendence. If we are to be good stewards of these gifts, we must first know what God has endowed us to do—to serve others to His glory. Peter can instruct us to persevere in love “above all” because love is the foundational motive which underlies all our attitudes and actions as Christians (see also 1 Corinthians 13). It also means stretching out as a runner stretches out. Christian love is not an easy, sentimental reaction. Compare 1 Peter 1:8 1 Peter 1:18 1 Peter 3:15 ; 2 Peter 3:1 of teaching of Paul, but as an independent witness in his own style attests the same truths. IRENÆUS [Against Heresies, 4.9.2] expressly mentions it; and in [4.16.5], 1 Peter 2:16 CLEMENT OF ALEXANDRIA [Miscellanies, 1.3, p. 544], quotes 1 Peter 2:11 1 Peter 2:12 1 Peter 2:15 1 Peter 2:16 [4, p. 584], 1 Peter 3:14-17 [p. 585], 1 Peter 4:12-14 EUSEBIUS [Ecclesiastical History, 6.25]) mentions this Epistle; in [Homily 7, on Joshua, vol. Again, in 2 Timothy 4:11 (A.D. 67 or 68), Mark was in or near Ephesus, in Asia Minor, and Timothy is told to bring him to Rome. 35 For I was hungry, and you gave Me [something] to eat; I was thirsty, and you gave Me drink; I was a stranger, and you invited Me in; 36 naked, and you clothed Me; I was sick, and you visited Me; I was in prison, and you came to Me. This is not because hospitality is dangerous for us, but because our culture holds privacy so dear. But let us be careful to see that hospitality is no less important in the church today. Often, this is because we have ceased to be sober and sane, especially in relationship to the end of all things: 1 What is the source of quarrels and conflicts among you? . Home > Study Desk. (3) Being hospitable to one another, without complaint (verse 9). This explains in what sense Christ used as to him the words, "Upon this rock I will build my Church" ( Matthew 16:18 connection with whom only he was given the designation: a title shared in common on the same grounds by the rest of the apostles, as the first founders of the Church on Christ, "the chief corner-stone" ( Ephesians 2:20 A name is often given in Hebrew, not that the person is actually the thing itself, but has some special relation to it; as Elijah means Mighty Jehovah, so Simon is called Peter "the rock," not that he is so, save by connection with Jesus, the only true Rock ( Isaiah 28:16 1 Corinthians 3:11 therefore called so ( Matthew 16:23 confession of Christ, the Rock, he became identified with Him, and is accordingly so called ( Matthew 16:18 instance on record of Peter's having ever claimed or exercised supremacy; on the contrary, he is represented as sent by the apostles at Jerusalem to confirm the Samaritans baptized by Philip the deacon; again at the council of Jerusalem, not he, but James the president, or leading bishop in the Church of that city, pronounced the authoritative decision: Acts 15:19 doubtless (though certainly not supremacy), was given him on the ground of his age, and prominent earnestness, and boldness in taking the lead on many important occasions. 8 But all these things are [merely] the beginning of birth pangs. Peter writes that spiritual gifts are to be employed in serving one another (verse 10). Though at the Jerusalem council he advocated the exemption of Gentile converts from the ceremonial observances of the law, yet he, after having associated in closest intercourse with the Gentiles at Antioch, withdrew from them, through dread of the prejudices of his Jewish brethren who came from James, and timidly dissembled his conviction of the religious equality of Jew and Gentile; for this Paul openly withstood and rebuked him: a plain refutation of his alleged supremacy and infallibility (except where specially inspired, as in writing his Epistles). All rights reserved. A few years ago, our friends from the Northwest called to ask that I visit a woman in a Dallas hospital who was dying of cancer. We must not be oblivious to the times in which we live; neither should we be frightened and act in panic. Barnabas seems to have the gift of encouragement (see Acts 4:36), but he must also have possessed the gift of teaching and/or prophecy (see Acts 13:1). A few years ago, our friends from the Northwest called to ask that I visit a woman in a Dallas hospital who was dying of cancer. The grass withers, and the flower falls off, but the word of the Lord abides forever.”’ ‘For’-This is a quotation from Isaiah 40:6-8. 11 Therefore encourage one another, and build up one another, just as you also are doing (1 Thessalonians 5:4-11, emphasis mine). "Strong susceptibility to outward impressions, liveliness of feeling, dexterity in handling subjects, dispose natures like that of Peter to repeat afresh the thoughts of others" [STEIGER]. It means outstretching in the sense of consistent; our love must be the love that never fails. The heathen used it for the oracles which come to them from their gods; the Christians used it for the words of scripture and the words of Christ. 1 Peter 4:8 Above all, keep fervent in your love for one another, because love covers a multitude of sins. We also have many these days who have not known the love and devotion of a Christian home. 38 BUT MY RIGHTEOUS ONE SHALL LIVE BY FAITH; AND IF HE SHRINKS BACK, MY SOUL HAS NO PLEASURE IN HIM. The loving church will be characterized by its pursuit of holiness. The only way they can be saved is to hear the gospel and to repent and be saved. In the Old Testament, the prophets spoke of future events pertaining to the first and second coming of our Lord as though they were one event. Therefore whoever wishes to be a friend of the world makes himself an enemy of God. Instead, Peter deals with the ordinary, every day hindrances to hospitality which blesses others. . Peter, knowing how life is (even among the saints), gently admonishes us to be hospitable but to leave grumbling at the front door. Glory and hope are prominent features in this Epistle ( 1 Peter 1:8 WEISS entitles him "the apostle of hope." It is serving fellow-believers so they are edified and built up in their faith. 137 This, of course, is looking at salvation solely from a human standpoint. of . 2 Corinthians 5:21 - He made Him who knew no sin to be sin on our behalf, so that we might become the righteousness of God in Him. Our judgment comes now, Peter suggests, but our vindication and glory comes afterwards for all eternity. 12 There is [only] one Lawgiver and Judge, the One who is able to save and to destroy; but who are you who judge your neighbor? Here is proof of the assertion made in 1:23. A Christian might not be welcome except in the home of another saint. And may He give each of us a commitment to conduct our lives accordingly. 2:2).” A. T. Robertson, Word Pictures in the New Testament (Nashville: Broadman Press, 1933), VI, p. 124. . He was a realist. The bad news is we may be arrested and even put to death for “harboring a criminal.”. Over the years our family has been privileged to open our home to a number of Christians. (2) To “cover sins” is not to “cover up” sin. Chastened fervor, deep humility, and ardent love appear, just as we should expect from one who had been so graciously restored after his grievous fall. We must do everything in the strength God Himself supplies. It is not unlikely that the whole tradition is built on the connection which existed between Paul and Peter. It is possible that the rendering of the NASB “at hand” is misleading, suggesting that the end has arrived rather than emphasizing its nearness. This “outcome” is the consummation of “all things.” In other words, Peter is speaking of the consummation of all of God’s plans, purposes, and prophecies. 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