4 Date & Time: To enter a date, use the "/" or "-" characters. Free Excel Course. The AND function returns TRUE if Product equals "Table" and Color equals "Green" or "Blue". Math and trigonometry:    Returns the absolute value of a number, Financial:    Returns the accrued interest for a security that pays periodic interest, Financial:    Returns the accrued interest for a security that pays interest at maturity, Math and trigonometry:    Returns the arccosine of a number, Math and trigonometry:    Returns the inverse hyperbolic cosine of a number, Math and trigonometry:    Returns the arccotangent of a number, Math and trigonometry:    Returns the hyperbolic arccotangent of a number, Math and trigonometry:    Returns an aggregate in a list or database, Lookup and reference:    Returns a reference as text to a single cell in a worksheet, Financial:    Returns the depreciation for each accounting period by using a depreciation coefficient, Financial:    Returns the depreciation for each accounting period, Logical:    Returns TRUE if all of its arguments are TRUE, Math and trigonometry:    Converts a Roman number to Arabic, as a number, Lookup and reference:    Returns the number of areas in a reference, Text:    Returns an array of text values from any specified range, Text:    Changes full-width (double-byte) English letters or katakana within a character string to half-width (single-byte) characters, Math and trigonometry:    Returns the arcsine of a number, Math and trigonometry:    Returns the inverse hyperbolic sine of a number, Math and trigonometry:    Returns the arctangent of a number, Math and trigonometry:    Returns the arctangent from x- and y-coordinates, Math and trigonometry:    Returns the inverse hyperbolic tangent of a number, Statistical:    Returns the average of the absolute deviations of data points from their mean, Statistical:    Returns the average of its arguments, Statistical:    Returns the average of its arguments, including numbers, text, and logical values, Statistical:    Returns the average (arithmetic mean) of all the cells in a range that meet a given criteria. For example, in 3 selected cells have One, Two and Three as text values so using Rept function we can call all the select text values in one cell and repeat them as well more than 1 time if required in the same cell. Lookup and reference:    Searches a range or an array, and returns an item corresponding to the first match it finds. 1 Count and Sum: Countif | Count Blank/Nonblank Cells | Count Characters | Not Equal To | Count Cells with Text | Sum | Running Total | Sumif | Sumproduct, 2 Logical: If | Comparison Operators | Or | Roll the Dice | Ifs | Contains Specific Text | Switch | If Cell is Blank | Absolute Value, 3 Cell References: Copy a Formula | 3D-reference | External References | Hyperlinks | Union and Intersect | Percent Change | Add a Column | Absolute Reference, 4 Date & Time: DateDif | Today's Date | Calculate Age | Time Difference | Weekdays | Days until Birthday | Last Day of the Month | Holidays | Add or Subtract Time | Quarter | Day of the Year, 5 Text: Separate Strings | Count Words | Text to Columns | Find | Search | Change Case | Remove Spaces | Compare Text | Substitute vs Replace | Text | Concatenate | Substring, 6 Lookup & Reference: Vlookup | Tax Rates | Index and Match | Two-way Lookup | Offset | Case-sensitive Lookup | Left Lookup | Locate Maximum Value | Indirect | Two-column Lookup | Closest Match | Compare Two Columns | Xlookup, 7 Financial: PMT | Loans with Different Durations | Investment or Annuity | Compound Interest | CAGR | Loan Amortization Schedule | NPV | IRR | Depreciation, 8 Statistical: Average | Negative Numbers to Zero | Random Numbers | Rank | Percentiles and Quartiles | Box and Whisker Plot | AverageIf | Forecast | MaxIfs and MinIfs | Weighted Average | Mode | Standard Deviation | Frequency, 9 Round: Chop off Decimals | Nearest Multiple | Even and Odd | Mod, 10 Formula Errors: IfError | IsError | Aggregate | Circular Reference | Formula Auditing | Floating Point Errors, 11 Array Formulas: Count Errors | Count Unique Values | Count with Or Criteria | Sum Every Nth Row | Sum Largest Numbers | Sum Range with Errors | Sum with Or Criteria | Most Frequently Occurring Word | System of Linear Equations, Functions • © 2010-2021 Use to validate that a member name exists within the cube and to return the specified property for this member. For example, the following formula uses a nested AVERAGE function and compares the result with the value 50. 2 Logical: Learn how to use Excel's logical functions, such as IF, AND, OR and NOT. If a match doesn't exist, then XLOOKUP can return the closest (approximate) match. The Excel AND function is a logical function used to require more than one condition at the same time. Statistical:    Returns a future value based on existing (historical) values by using the AAA version of the Exponential Smoothing (ETS) algorithm, Statistical:    Returns a confidence interval for the forecast value at the specified target date, Statistical:    Returns the length of the repetitive pattern Excel detects for the specified time series, Statistical:    Returns a statistical value as a result of time series forecasting, Statistical:    Returns a future value based on existing values, Lookup and reference:    Returns the formula at the given reference as text, Statistical:    Returns a frequency distribution as a vertical array, Statistical:    Returns the result of an F-test, Compatibility:    Returns the result of an F-test, Financial:    Returns the future value of an investment, Financial:    Returns the future value of an initial principal after applying a series of compound interest rates, Statistical:    Returns the Gamma function value, Statistical:    Returns the gamma distribution, Compatibility:    Returns the gamma distribution, Statistical:    Returns the inverse of the gamma cumulative distribution, Compatibility:    Returns the inverse of the gamma cumulative distribution, Statistical:    Returns the natural logarithm of the gamma function, Γ(x), Statistical:    Returns 0.5 less than the standard normal cumulative distribution, Math and trigonometry:    Returns the greatest common divisor, Statistical:    Returns the geometric mean, Engineering:    Tests whether a number is greater than a threshold value, Lookup and reference:    Returns data stored in a PivotTable report, Statistical:    Returns values along an exponential trend, Statistical:    Returns the harmonic mean, Engineering:    Converts a hexadecimal number to binary, Engineering:    Converts a hexadecimal number to decimal, Engineering:    Converts a hexadecimal number to octal, Lookup and reference:    Looks in the top row of an array and returns the value of the indicated cell, Date and time:    Converts a serial number to an hour, Lookup and reference:    Creates a shortcut or jump that opens a document stored on a network server, an intranet, or the Internet, Statistical:    Returns the hypergeometric distribution, Compatibility:    Returns the hypergeometric distribution, Logical:    Specifies a logical test to perform, Logical:    Returns a value you specify if a formula evaluates to an error; otherwise, returns the result of the formula, Logical:    Returns the value you specify if the expression resolves to #N/A, otherwise returns the result of the expression. If you are new to functions in Excel, we recommend you to read our introduction to Formulas and Functions first. In Excel 2016, Excel 2019, Excel Online and Excel Mobile, CONCATENATE is replaced with the CONCAT function, which has exactly the same syntax. Tests a number of supplied conditions and returns a result corresponding to the first condition that evaluates to TRUE. Engineering:    Returns the absolute value (modulus) of a complex number, Engineering:    Returns the imaginary coefficient of a complex number, Engineering:    Returns the argument theta, an angle expressed in radians, Engineering:    Returns the complex conjugate of a complex number, Engineering:    Returns the cosine of a complex number, Engineering:    Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a complex number, Engineering:    Returns the cotangent of a complex number, Engineering:    Returns the cosecant of a complex number, Engineering:    Returns the hyperbolic cosecant of a complex number, Engineering:    Returns the quotient of two complex numbers, Engineering:    Returns the exponential of a complex number, Engineering:    Returns the natural logarithm of a complex number, Engineering:    Returns the base-10 logarithm of a complex number, Engineering:    Returns the base-2 logarithm of a complex number, Engineering:    Returns a complex number raised to an integer power, Engineering:    Returns the product of complex numbers, Engineering:    Returns the real coefficient of a complex number, Engineering:    Returns the secant of a complex number, Engineering:    Returns the hyperbolic secant of a complex number, Engineering:    Returns the sine of a complex number, Engineering:    Returns the hyperbolic sine of a complex number, Engineering:    Returns the square root of a complex number, Engineering:    Returns the difference between two complex numbers, Engineering:    Returns the sum of complex numbers, Engineering:    Returns the tangent of a complex number, Lookup and reference:    Uses an index to choose a value from a reference or array, Lookup and reference:    Returns a reference indicated by a text value, Information:    Returns information about the current operating environment, Math and trigonometry:    Rounds a number down to the nearest integer, Statistical:    Returns the intercept of the linear regression line, Financial:    Returns the interest rate for a fully invested security, Financial:    Returns the interest payment for an investment for a given period, Financial:    Returns the internal rate of return for a series of cash flows, Information:    Returns TRUE if the value is blank, Information:    Returns TRUE if the value is any error value except #N/A, Information:    Returns TRUE if the value is any error value, Information:    Returns TRUE if the number is even, Information:    Returns TRUE if there is a reference to a cell that contains a formula, Information:    Returns TRUE if the value is a logical value, Information:    Returns TRUE if the value is the #N/A error value, Information:    Returns TRUE if the value is not text, Information:    Returns TRUE if the value is a number, Information:    Returns TRUE if the number is odd, Information:    Returns TRUE if the value is a reference, Information:    Returns TRUE if the value is text, Math and trigonometry:    Returns a number that is rounded up to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance, Date and time:    Returns the number of the ISO week number of the year for a given date, Financial:    Calculates the interest paid during a specific period of an investment, Text:   Changes half-width (single-byte) characters within a string to full-width (double-byte) characters, Statistical:    Returns the kurtosis of a data set, Statistical:    Returns the k-th largest value in a data set, Math and trigonometry:    Returns the least common multiple, Text:    Returns the leftmost characters from a text value, Text:    Returns the number of characters in a text string, Math and trigonometry:    Assigns names to calculation results to allow storing intermediate calculations, values, or defining names inside a formula, Statistical:    Returns the parameters of a linear trend, Math and trigonometry:    Returns the natural logarithm of a number, Math and trigonometry:    Returns the logarithm of a number to a specified base, Math and trigonometry:    Returns the base-10 logarithm of a number, Statistical:    Returns the parameters of an exponential trend, Compatibility:    Returns the inverse of the lognormal cumulative distribution, Statistical:    Returns the cumulative lognormal distribution, Compatibility:    Returns the cumulative lognormal distribution, Statistical:    Returns the inverse of the lognormal cumulative distribution, Lookup and reference:    Looks up values in a vector or array, Lookup and reference:    Looks up values in a reference or array, Statistical:    Returns the maximum value in a list of arguments, Statistical:    Returns the maximum value in a list of arguments, including numbers, text, and logical values, Statistical:    Returns the maximum value among cells specified by a given set of conditions or criteria, Math and trigonometry:    Returns the matrix determinant of an array, Financial:    Returns the Macauley modified duration for a security with an assumed par value of $100, Statistical:    Returns the median of the given numbers, Text:    Returns a specific number of characters from a text string starting at the position you specify, Statistical:    Returns the minimum value in a list of arguments. This article explains how to use the IF-THEN function in Excel for Microsoft 365, Excel 2019, 2016, 2013, 2010; Excel for Mac, and Excel Online, as well as a few examples. To get detailed information about a function, click its name in the first column. Click a letter to go to functions that start with it. In addition to the function name, the Function statement usually specifies one or more arguments. 1. VLOOKUP is another lookup function you can use in Excel, but unlike MATCH which requires INDEX for advanced lookups, VLOOKUP formulas only need that one function. A custom function must start with a Function statement and end with an End Function statement. Whenever Excel sees the = sign at the beginning of the input to a cell, it recognizes that we are about to feed it a function. Note: you can also use the SUM function in Excel to sum an entire row. Discover how functions in Excel help you save time. Nesting functions in Excel refers to placing one function inside another. The Excel AND function is a logical function used to require more than one condition at the same time. Compatibility:    Returns the inverse of the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution, Compatibility:    Returns the test for independence, Statistical:    Returns the cumulative beta probability density function, Statistical:    Returns the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution, Statistical:    Returns the inverse of the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution, Statistical:    Returns the test for independence, Lookup and reference:    Chooses a value from a list of values, Text:    Removes all nonprintable characters from text, Text:    Returns a numeric code for the first character in a text string, Lookup and reference:    Returns the column number of a reference, Lookup and reference:    Returns the number of columns in a reference, Math and trigonometry:    Returns the number of combinations for a given number of objects, Math and trigonometry:    The basis argument controls how days are counted. The nested function acts as one of the main function's arguments . Detect errors in formulas. The OR function is a logical function to test multiple conditions at the same time. Writing a function in Excel. Related Excel Functions . 10).. 5 Text: Excel has many functions to offer when it comes to manipulating text strings. 8 Statistical: An overview of some very useful statistical functions in Excel. Use to validate that the member or tuple exists in the cube. Text:    Converts a number to text, using the ß (baht) currency format, Math and trigonometry:    Converts a number into a text representation with the given radix (base), Engineering:    Returns the modified Bessel function In(x), Engineering:    Returns the Bessel function Jn(x), Engineering:    Returns the modified Bessel function Kn(x), Engineering:    Returns the Bessel function Yn(x), Compatibility:    Returns the beta cumulative distribution function. Once the cell reference is given, the formula will be dynamic, and whatever the changes happen in referenced cells will impact formula cells instantly. Financial:    Returns the cumulative interest paid between two periods, Financial:    Returns the cumulative principal paid on a loan between two periods, Date and time:    Returns the serial number of a particular date. If there is no match, an optional default value may be returned. DAY function Overview of formulas in Excel Regardless of the sign of the number, the number is rounded up. If you’re using Excel for data analysis, then it’s quite likely that you’re already using the SUM function to combine your data. Logical:    Checks whether one or more conditions are met and returns a value that corresponds to the first TRUE condition. 3 Cell References: Cell references in Excel are very important. Single cell array formulas perform multiple calculations in one cell. In Excel 2007 and Excel 2010, this is a Math and trigonometry function. 11 Array Formulas: This chapter helps you understand array formulas in Excel. Basis. Each function has its arguments (the value one needs to input) to get the result value in the cell. If TRUE, the IF function reduces the price by 50%, if FALSE, the IF function reduces the price by 10%. Cube:    Returns the number of items in a set. Scenario: The fruit seller is again here. The LOOKUP function in Excel is used to look up information in a row or column. The IF-THEN function in Excel is a powerful way to add decision making to your spreadsheets. They evaluate a value or cell reference and return the logical TRUE or FALSE, depending on whether the value is or isn’t the type for which the IS function tests. Thanks for letting us know! Become an Excel pro! Get the Latest Tech News Delivered … The AND, OR, and IF functions are some of Excel's better known logical functions that are commonly used together. To deal with date and time contents specifically in excel we have dedicated formulas for Date & Time. In Excel, dates are serial numbers. Information:    Returns information about the formatting, location, or contents of a cell. DATEVALUE function. Was this page helpful? If the delimiter is an empty text string, this function will effectively concatenate the ranges. Excel already allows you to define custom functions, but only by writing them in an entirely different language such as JavaScript. How to avoid broken formulas Math and trigonometry:    Returns a random number between the numbers you specify, Statistical:    Returns the rank of a number in a list of numbers, Compatibility:    Returns the rank of a number in a list of numbers, Financial:    Returns the interest rate per period of an annuity, Financial:    Returns the amount received at maturity for a fully invested security, Add-in and Automation:    Returns the register ID of the specified dynamic link library (DLL) or code resource that has been previously registered, Text:    Repeats text a given number of times, Text:    Returns the rightmost characters from a text value, Math and trigonometry:    Converts an arabic numeral to roman, as text, Math and trigonometry:    Rounds a number to a specified number of digits, Math and trigonometry:    Rounds a number down, toward zero, Math and trigonometry:    Rounds a number up, away from zero, Lookup and reference:    Returns the row number of a reference, Lookup and reference:    Returns the number of rows in a reference, Financial:    Returns an equivalent interest rate for the growth of an investment, Statistical:    Returns the square of the Pearson product moment correlation coefficient, Lookup and reference:    Retrieves real-time data from a program that supports COM automation, Text:    Finds one text value within another (not case-sensitive), Math and trigonometry:    Returns the secant of an angle, Math and trigonometry:    Returns the hyperbolic secant of an angle, Date and time:    Converts a serial number to a second, Math and trigonometry:    Generates a list of sequential numbers in an array, such as 1, 2, 3, 4, Math and trigonometry:    Returns the sum of a power series based on the formula, Information:    Returns the sheet number of the referenced sheet, Information:    Returns the number of sheets in a reference, Math and trigonometry:    Returns the sign of a number, Math and trigonometry:    Returns the sine of the given angle, Math and trigonometry:    Returns the hyperbolic sine of a number, Statistical:    Returns the skewness of a distribution, Statistical:    Returns the skewness of a distribution based on a population: a characterization of the degree of asymmetry of a distribution around its mean, Financial:    Returns the straight-line depreciation of an asset for one period, Statistical:    Returns the slope of the linear regression line, Statistical:    Returns the k-th smallest value in a data set, Lookup and reference:    Sorts the contents of a range or array, Lookup and reference:    Sorts the contents of a range or array based on the values in a corresponding range or array, Math and trigonometry:    Returns a positive square root, Math and trigonometry:    Returns the square root of (number * pi), Statistical:    Returns a normalized value, Compatibility:    Estimates standard deviation based on a sample, Statistical:    Calculates standard deviation based on the entire population, Statistical:    Estimates standard deviation based on a sample, Statistical:    Estimates standard deviation based on a sample, including numbers, text, and logical values, Compatibility:    Calculates standard deviation based on the entire population, Statistical:    Calculates standard deviation based on the entire population, including numbers, text, and logical values, Statistical:    Returns the standard error of the predicted y-value for each x in the regression, Text:    Substitutes new text for old text in a text string, Math and trigonometry:    Returns a subtotal in a list or database, Math and trigonometry:    Adds its arguments, Math and trigonometry:    Adds the cells specified by a given criteria, Math and trigonometry:    Adds the cells in a range that meet multiple criteria, Math and trigonometry:    Returns the sum of the products of corresponding array components, Math and trigonometry:    Returns the sum of the squares of the arguments, Math and trigonometry:    Returns the sum of the difference of squares of corresponding values in two arrays, Math and trigonometry:    Returns the sum of the sum of squares of corresponding values in two arrays, Math and trigonometry:    Returns the sum of squares of differences of corresponding values in two arrays. You can, however, create a function with no arguments. This AND in excel tests the condition specified and returns TRUE, if conditions are met as TRUE, else it returns FALSE. Inputting IF-THEN in Excel . So here an apple must be … Generally, in the Excel VLOOKUP function, you have to give a static number for the column index argument. Understand the difference between relative, absolute and mixed reference, and you are on your way to success. This sort of technique assists you to match both rows and columns by creating a dynamic two-way lookup. In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function. Note: Version markers indicate the version of Excel a function was introduced. Converts a date in the form of text to a serial number. Text:    Combines the text from multiple ranges and/or strings, and includes a delimiter you specify between each text value that will be combined. Date & Time are sensitive things in excel. Function is used for quick tasks like finding the sum, count, average, maximum value, and minimum values for a range of cells. 7 Financial: This chapter illustrates Excel's most popular financial functions. AND returns either TRUE or FALSE. FUNCTION IN EXCEL is a predefined formula that is used for specific values in a particular order. Add-in and Automation:    Converts a number to euros, converts a number from euros to a euro member currency, or converts a number from one euro member currency to another by using the euro as an intermediary (triangulation). Understand the difference between relative, absolute and mixed reference, and you are on your way to success. 2 Logical: Learn how to use Excel's logical functions, such as IF, AND, OR and NOT. Financial:    Returns the sum-of-years' digits depreciation of an asset for a specified period, Math and trigonometry:    Returns the tangent of a number, Math and trigonometry:    Returns the hyperbolic tangent of a number, Financial:    Returns the bond-equivalent yield for a Treasury bill, Financial:    Returns the price per $100 face value for a Treasury bill, Financial:    Returns the yield for a Treasury bill, Statistical:    Returns the Percentage Points (probability) for the Student t-distribution, Statistical:    Returns the Student's t-distribution, Compatibility:    Returns the Student's t-distribution, Text:    Formats a number and converts it to text. The IF function in Excel can be nested, when you have multiple conditions to meet. Math and trigonometry:    Rounds a number down, to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance, Statistical:    Returns a value along a linear trend. Watch our Demo Courses and Videos . Cube:    Returns the nth, or ranked, member in a set. It requires the use of region-specific date and time format codes. A   B   C   D   E    F   G   H   I   J    K   L    M, N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   X   Y   Z. A KPI is a quantifiable measurement, such as monthly gross profit or quarterly employee turnover, used to monitor an organization's performance. Note: In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function. DATEDIF function. In short, each function (except a few) is made up of two following things: Function Name; Arguments; Let me show you an example. This function takes three arguments, each separated by a comma. Now lets use AND function and OR function in one single formula. To return one or more conditions are met as TRUE, if conditions are met and Returns value. The ``: '' ( colon ) to validate that the member tuple... Errors: this chapter teaches you how to use the SUMIF function and. 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