Now, as the head of land management of the John Muir Trust, a charity dedicated to the preservation of Scotland’s wild places, Mike sees those same arguments playing out time and again. The Code of Practice for Deer Management supports the voluntary approach to the management of Scotland’s wild deer. This level of annual mortality could be considered to suggest that the overall population of wild deer in Scotland is higher than the previous estimates that SNH cites and could potentially be approaching a million. It also stresses the importance of managing deer collaboratively, of talking to neighbours and of planning together. 47 The Group considers that SNH’s speculative estimates appear reasonable, based on its experience and other consultations. 32 In the 2016 report, SNH also referred to its 2013 estimate for roe deer of 200,000-350,000. 42 Population numbers can only be estimated by making an assumption on the proportion of the population being culled, and this is an unknown in most cases. Callander, R.F. 35 SNH (2016) Op cit, p.19, referring to Campbell, D., Marchbank, M., Watson, M. and Quin, S. (2017), Trends in woodland deer abundance across Scotland: 2001-2016, Scottish Natural Heritage Commissioned Report No. As a result of that answer, a number of bodies including the Scottish Parliament Information Centre (SPICe) subsequently published national totals with the 2,000 estimate for fallow deer.[29]. The Deer Working Group is an independent working group appointed by Scottish Ministers in October 2017, to recommend changes to ensure effective deer management in Scotland that safeguards public interests and promotes the sustainable management of wild deer. Red deer meat, or Venison, is becoming increasingly popular, the demand for which is being partly met by farmed Deer. Deer management groups, often on sporting estates, kill certain numbers, but SEL wants the Scottish government to set and enforce higher targets. An expert report has called for hundreds of thousands of deer to be culled in Scotland to deal with an unsustainable surge in numbers.. However, even on the basis of the cull totals from cull returns in Figure 8, it might be noted that the average annual culls over the last five years shown for sika (6,740) and fallow (2,481) are equivalent to culling 27% and 31% respectively of the estimated populations of these species in Scotland quoted in 2.2.2 above. (eds.) The national population estimates given in those two sources are shown in Figure 6. These latter two maps illustrate the core areas for sika and fallow deer, as well as the areas into which they are potentially expanding. and MacKenzie, N.A. Red Deer Commission. 57 This Section has reviewed the information available at a national level on the distributions, population sizes and annual culls of Scotland’s four species of wild deer, to provide an overview as part of the context for the more detailed considerations later in this Report. However, as is widely recognised, national estimates should only be viewed as indications because of the difficulty of measuring deer populations. [50] This indicates that the public sector is currently carrying out around a third of the recorded annual cull of wild deer in Scotland each year. This Report considers whether that regulatory framework and associated non-statutory arrangements are delivering the public policy aim of effective deer management that safeguards public interests and promotes sustainable deer management. In Scotland, any persons wishing to sell large wild game require to be Licensed Venison Dealers (Deer (Scotland) Act 1996, unless they are selling directly to or purchasing directly from a LVD. ATV Qualification Units 208/209 (City & Guilds) EFAW + F. DMQ AW's. Estimating national trends and regional differences in red deer density on open-hill ground in Scotland: identifying the causes of change and consequences for upland habitats. 46 The fact that the ‘national cull statistics’ published by SNH do not represent the actual total cull of each species in Scotland each year, is a significant distinction that appears often not to be recognised. 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